This was largely because of record low mortgage interest rates which meant that someone on an average income, buying a median priced house with a standard variable interest rate was paying approximately 25 per cent on their household income on servicing the loan which was the same as the average of the prior quarter century.
Which brings us to now
Since the peak in late 2017, the Corelogic measure of Australia-wide house prices has fallen 4.5 per cent. The falls in Sydney and Melbourne have been larger. Over the same time and even with weak wages growth, household incomes have risen by around 3 per cent which has helped to deliver a clear improvement in affordability. Mortgage interest rates, a vital element in housing affordability, have been broadly steady with some banks lifting their standard variable rate, but this has been largely offset by the spread of ‘special deals’.
With wages rising, house prices still falling and the RBA firmly on hold with official interest rates, it seems affordability will be supercharged into 2019. The problem now, according to the house prices worry warts is that the fall in house prices will leave some people with negative equity and will hurt the economy into 2019.
To be sure, some people will have negative equity as prices drop. But in a classic case of ‘so what’, if people retain their job, get the odd promotion and can still comfortably service their mortgage, it means little or nothing in terms of heighten chance of default.
Where the issue is important – and this has nothing much to do with affordability per se, is that it threatens to undermine household wealth and with that, consumer spending. With household wealth being undermined by falling house prices, even for those would bought their house 20, 30 or 40 years ago, the ability and willingness to ramp up spending is being curtailed.
It is why most sensible economic forecasters are looking for slower growth in Australia into 2019. Falling wealth will curtail spending and when this is most evident, policy makers, including the RBA will likely react with easier policy, which will cushion and downturn.
For housing, the decline is getting close to a bottom.
By the middle to latter part of 2019, cashed up first home buyers will increasingly tap the market and will inevitably provide support to prices. If the RBA eventually cuts interest rates, which is still a good chance, the housing market and with it, the economy, will sail through another year without loosing too much paint on the way through. At the end of the day, house prices do go up and they do go down and there are some winners and losers as this cycle inevitably unfolds from year to year.
For those who were aggrieved at ‘missing out’ on the housing market when prices were elevated a year or two ago, are now rejoicing at the prospect of buying a cheap house with low interest rates at a time when wages growth is starting to pick up.